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The Key to Understanding the Pyramid
A scientific report into the meaning of the word and term pyramid
by Maxim Yakovenko

Pyramids are the greatest monumental structures on the planet known to mankind. In centuries past there were only legends about the pyramids in Egypt. Nowadays at the beginning of 21st century living, in a world of technology, we still do not know everything about them. In fact, we have more questions now than two centuries ago.

One of them is the meaning of the word pyramid. What does the word and term mean? Everybody knows what a pyramid looks like , but the meaning of pyramid is a question for a long discussion. To understand the pyramids lets do some small linguistic research.

Consider the sources of the word and term pyramid. At first it is necessary to note that pyramid or (in Russian), piramide (Spanish, French and Slavic languages) and pyramide (in German) is a word from ancient Greece. In Greek πύραμίς or the plural πύραμίδες, had two meanings. The first was wheat cake because Egyptian buildings reminded the Greeks of pointy-topped cakes. Later the Greek word puramis signified a monumental structure built of stone with a square base, and sloping sides meeting at an apex. But the origin of the Greek word puramis has a special history. There is one version that proclaims that the ancient Egyptian Pir E Mit (division of number or division of perfection) was taken from the Greeks. An etymology dictionary tells us that the Greek word puramis is an alternation of the Egyptian pimar.

The Greek word puramis then crossed into Latin. In Europe during the Middle Ages there were no special meanings of the word puramis for describing any pyramidal construction in any European language. Only educated people would have known about the pyramids in Egypt during the medieval ages. The first written interpretation of the word pyramid in Europe was in 1555 and meant one of the ancient structures of the King of Egypt. After the discovery of the pyramids in Mexico and the development of most sciences in the 18th century, the pyramid became a real geometrical figure and a structure of pyramidal form. It meant that everything which had a pyramidal form from then on became known as a pyramid.

If we address the languages where the pyramids are located we will find more ancient treatments of this term. The ancient Egyptian word for pyramids is Mr, pronounced as mer. But the origin of the word Mr is unknown. Nobody knows what this means. In modern Egypt every pyramid has its own name, for example Khufus Pyramid and Menkaures Pyramid. In Arabic the word for pyramid is هرم, pronounced haram meaning ultimate age or size. Consequently the term pyramid in the Arabic world is the most ancient and largest construction ever built.

We cannot understand the sense and importance of the term pyramid without mentioning the huge area of pyramids in Central China, around Xian. There are more than 300 pyramids of different shapes which have never been excavated, but the Chinese language has some answers which reveal some sensational discoveries.

There are three meanings of the term pyramid in China:

1. Jin zi ta (jīnzìtǎ) is the most used. Jin means gold. Zi a mark, hieroglyph, written symbol. Ta a tower. The hieroglyph Zi explain the meaning of the Jin. It is very important because hieroglyph Jin has a form of triangle on the top. Therefore pyramid in Chinese is a tower which looks like hieroglyph of gold. Why ancient Chinese used a hieroglyph Jin for describing a pyramid is continue to be unknown. More than over its very strange because there are many similar Chinese hieroglyphs which have pyramidal form like hieroglyph Jin (gold). May be Jinzi ta has esoteric meaning and we should explain hieroglyphs Jin and Zi separate from each other that we can see different meaning. If we put together tower (Ta), gold (Jin) and written symbol (Zi) we can see a tower with golden symbols. Therefore meaning of Jinza ta is an open problem for discussion.

It is not initially possible to find out why the pyramid in Chinese language is called this as we dont know the history of their first hieroglyphs. In modern Chinese Jinzi ta means any pyramid. Chinese hieroglyphs point to the ancient meanings of the pyramids, this is very important because language is the key to understanding the culture and history of peoples.

2. The second meaning of pyramid in China is Jiao zhui, the literal translation is a horn for drilling the ground. It may seem that this is no attribute of a pyramid, but not so for the Chinese pyramids. There is an unusual object in 40 kilometres from Xian which looks like an unnatural lake. After closer examination and analysis of satellite images, it becomes clear that this object is like a mirror reflection of a pyramid. It looks as though a pyramid has been turned upside down and driven into the ground and then removed. I propose to title this construction a pyramidal antipode. This is located in a valley where dozens of pyramids are also found. For what reason was this dug into the ground is a good question and unfortunately at the moment without answer. But as the Chinese had a special term to describe this construction it means that the pyramid antipode was an important object with some special, as yet unknown, function in ancient times.

3. The third meaning is Leng zhu and can be translated as prism. Any pyramid is a prism, this also applies to the Chinese pyramids. These flat-topped pyramids are widespread in Shaanxi Province. The meaning of the hieroglyphs Leng zhu signifies the pyramid as a prism. These flat-topped pyramidal figures are a kind of prism. But the prism is not simply a solid object with ends that are parallel and of the same size and shape, and with sides whose opposite edges are equal and parallel but its also an optical lens which reflects light. I have a theory that these Chinese flat-topped pyramids were huge mechanisms for the generation of energy from the light of the sun and the universe.

Tower which looks like hieroglyph of gold, pyramid antipode and pyramid - prism are three meanings of a word and term in the Chinese language, which have been used for a long time since the formation of the hieroglyphs. Moreover Chinese terms of pyramid are reflected in the certain forms of pyramids of Shaanxi Province, for example: flat-topped pyramids. The terms besides their descriptions also have an esoteric sense of ancient buildings.

The importance of Chinese interpretations of the word and term pyramid need detail research because they are the keys for the understanding of the pyramids not only in China but also worldwide. In addition when we refer to the Japanese language well find the hieroglyph Kinjito, which consisted from: 1. Kin gold; 2. Ji is a letter, symbol. 3. Ta - tower. Consequently the pyramid in Japanese is tower which looks like hieroglyph of gold or may be another, unknown meaning. The Japanese word kinjito doesnt resemble the Chinese Jin zi ta (jīnzìtǎ) but they have the same meanings. There are no pyramids in Japan but the Japanese borrowed hieroglyphs and cultural ceremonies from China.

At the end of this linguistic research into the word and the term pyramid in six languages, the source of the term pyramid still remains unknown. There are many cases, when the term pyramid describes a geometrical or architectural object without an explanation of the assignment to a building. When I combined Chinese and Arabian terms, like a puzzle, I arrive at a new term: pyramid is the most ancient and hugest building for keeping the important and valuable (like a gold) information of prehistoric times.

People have been researching the pyramids for 200 years since the early schematic paintings of the first researchers to todays modern computer technologies. All this time we wish to learn the true meaning of these ancient monuments, whereas one key for understanding is the word - pyramid.

29th March 7th April 2008
December 2008 redaction

Oxford Dictionary of English, 2001.
Russian-Chinese-Russian Dictionary
Russian-Japanese Dictionary Nabil Swelim, The scientific report The pyramid hills: Visocica and Pljesevica. Observations and Analysis, 2007. P.5.
Online Etymology Dictionary,

Special thanks for Martin Mayhew for English correction of this text.

Photographs by Maxim Yakovenko, but satellite image from Google © Maxim Yakovenko

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