Part 7. Qianling Mausoleum - the White Pyramid?
Before reading this page I recommend that you read my first report about the White pyramid.
When I visited Qianling mausoleum at first it was very snowy, windy and cold with dreadful visibility. I couldn’t see anything and I didn’t climb to the top because it was dangerous. But in my last trip there in November 2008 the weather was fantastic! Clear sky, no wind or rain, I enjoyed the beautiful picturesque landscapes and, of course, I was able research this place for several hours. I shocked the officials of the Tourist Office and my English speaking driver because I went to the mountain and not to the museum at first. I didn’t visit museum at all because I spent all daylight on the Liangshan Mountain.
In 684 AD the second emperor of the Tang Dynasty Gaozong was buried at the bottom of the mountain with his wife the Empress Wu. She reigned after Gaozong’s death. When she dead in 705 AD her body was buried near Gaozong on the Liangshan Mountain. This is the only one mausoleum where two Tang monarchs were buried. But the Qianling mausoleum consisted of 17 attendant tombs, including the tombs ofPrincess Yongtai, Prince Zhanghuai and Prince Yide.
20 stone sculptures guard the emperor and the empress from evil spirits and enemies. Building the mausoleum and the inner chambers was very hard and immense work but my research is about the mountain where the emperor was buried.
Chinese said that Liangshan is a natural mountain that consisted of three peaks. The two southern peaks are approximately the same size but the northern peak is much taller and bigger. The two southern peaks are made of soil (named “central Chinese clay soil”: 30% clay, 35% clay elements and almost 40 % limestone smaller elements). There are no stones only manmade sculptures and modern bricks on the stairs and on the Sacred Road approach. Other features in the northern peak. The height of this peak is 250 metres (820 feet) approximately it consists of huge, almost straight stone plates which lie on the clay! How can it be possible?
I would like to quote Australian trader Fred Shroeder who described the great pyramid in China in 1912:
"It was more eerie than if we had found them in the wilderness. Here they had been under the nose of the world, but unknown to the western countries... The big pyramid is about 1,000 feet high (other descriptions estimate 1,000 to 1,200 feet high) and roughly 1,500 feet at the base, which makes it twice as large as any pyramid in Egypt. The four faces of the structure are oriented with the compass points"
There are no stone formations in the area at all. I saw stones (rock) at the Shaoling mausoleum but this is very far, 50 km, from Qianling. We have stones only on the northern peak of Liangshan mountain and none further. Moreover all the stones of this peak are equal flat plates or rectangular blocks. The blocks are more destroyed than the plates. All blocks and plates lie on the clay. This phenomenon can be seen by everyone on this peak at every step.
The four sides of the northern Liangshan peak are not oriented to the earth’s cardinal points precisely as I found but it may mean nothing. It needs expert calculation techniques. Four sides, four edges, one foundation, a small plateau on the top.
What is it?
But where is the evidence of human activities? Where are the tools marks on the stones?
There is much evidence:
Take a look at two pictures. One can see unusual edges, angles and the shapes of these stones. Nature could not have created these formations. Moreover to make these difficult angles a worker would have to have used use unique technologies. This is sane reasoning not a fairy tale. Just take a look again at the photographs. I can conclude that the cutting process was very easy and fast because there are no faults on the stones.
Later, I found another stone close to the top of the pyramid (now I will use the word “pyramid” for the northern peak of Liangshan Mountain). Here we can see the classical drilling marks of a circular instrument like a saw.
I sent these photos to Dr. Aly Abdulah Barakat*, expert in applied geology in archaeology, Cairo. He came to the conclusion that “there is clear evidence of human contribution to the natural stones”. It means that these features are not the result of natural geological processes but the marks of human activities. He added that stones on the photos “indicate clear human interaction with the whole site”.
I found many features on the old manmade terraces constructed from massive stone blocks (one weighs at least 10 tons). The top of the blocks is damaged. But on other sides of the blocks I saw equal edges and flat surfaces. The terraces extend from the bottom to the top.
One terrace has special characteristics where two levels of the massive blocks lie on each other they composed the wall of the terrace. A lower part looks like a “concrete cover” or fused stone with clearly visible borders with the next terrace. I want to attract your attention to the fact that those stone formations lie on the clay body.
The terrace. Melted stones or "concrete cover"
Let's refer Shroeder’s notes once again:
“The pyramid itself was built of pressed clay as well as many constructions in China. Huge troughs extended along the walls of the pyramid having a size of mountain canyons. They were filled up with stones too. There were trees and bushes on the slopes defacing the shape of pyramid making it some similar to a natural object. I was fascinated by this amazing sight… Some time ago there were steps from the foot to the top of the pyramid but they are filled up with fragment of stones now. Some steps made of wild stones were seen at the bottom (each stone was three square ft.)”.
This description is still correct even after almost one century.
On the other side of the pyramid I mentioned amazing features – flat stone plates lain on the clay and unusual stone furrows extending from the top to the bottom of the pyramid. I have no idea about the origin of this formation. In addition the eastern side of the pyramid I saw also terraces which began from the furrows.
I wish to be very careful in declaring that the Liangshan Mountain is 100% a pyramid. I don’t want to declare that it is the legendary White Pyramid. I’d just like to show you the unusual pyramidal features of the northern peak of Liangshan Mountain which has many similarities with a pyramid described by Alfred Schroeder and Oscar Maman in 1912. If Schroeder had mentioned another pyramid it doesn’t change the characteristics of Liangshan.
My point of view that it is not important is it the White Pyramid or not?! I propose you don’t think about the White Pyramid because there are so many mysteries about it on the Internet. German researcher Hartwig Hausdorf created so many mysteries in his book and articles but he has never published photographs and/or the coordinates of the White Pyramid therefore I have to say that he fabricated his story and the book.
In addition I have to say that this famous photograph (take a look at the picture) is a typical Chinese pyramid. There are more than 40 pyramids which look like this pyramid in the photograph. I really don’t understand why everybody considers that this is the picture of the 300 metres high White Pyramid? It is not hard to see that this pyramid is no taller than 40-50 metres at all!
* Aly Barakat was one of the first international scientists who recognized Bosnian pyramids after several weeks of field work in 2006.