Part 3. Terracotta Warriors
Terracotta Warriors is the largest and greatest historical park remaining in China. This Army is a part of World Heritage (UNESCO) and the most popular sightseeing attraction in central China.
Back in 1974 some peasants found an unusual pit whilst drilling a well. The vaults of Qin’s Terracotta Army covers over 20,000 square metres.
There are three archaeological pits. Pit One, 230 metres long from east to west and 62 metres from north to south, covering 14,260 square metres. This is a largest pit occupied by a mighty formation of 6,000 terracotta figurines and horses and 40 chariots.
20 metres to the east and 5 metres underground can be found Pit Two which is 124 by 98 metre, with a total floor space of about 6,000 square metres. There are 89 wooden chariots and pottery renditions of 356 draught horses, 116 cavalry horses and 900 warriors holding various weapons in their hands.
Pit Three is situated 25 metres north from Pit One, and is the smallest, covering 500 square metres. The Pit is divided into south, north and central section linked with a long corridor. There is a chariot in the central section, and the other two sections are manned by terracotta warriors who sit facing each other in two lines with ritual weapons.
The Terracotta Warriors are ready to spring into action any time that Emperor Qin Shihuang calls them to attack. The magnificence of this army in the differences of faces of all 8,000 warriors! Every warrior has his own personal characteristics, such as features, hairstyles, and personal motifs on their clothes. More than this the Terracotta Warriors consisted of various ethnic groups of modern Chinese territory. They were depicted in vivid colours.
After 2,200 years the colours have faded and almost all of them are damaged. Archaeologists will need about 200 years to restore this colossal complex.
The Terracotta Warriors site is a place where one can meet people from all over the world. Near the complex is a huge market where hundreds of the local inhabitants are happy to sell you many kinds of warrior souvenirs, T-shirts and food for a little price. Qin Shihuang used cruel methods in the building of his mausoleum and the Terracotta Army, thousands of the men died because of the hard physical work and punishments. 2,200 years later the descendants of these workers go to the Terracotta Warriors to work, some of them are scientists and labourers of the museum, many are ordinary people from the vicinity who have no education, and all they can do is sell souvenirs to tourists. Qin Shihuang built the Terracotta Army in praise of his own name. He has achieved what he set out to do. Thousands of people praise him because he has given them work and a living and so we all continue to praise him when we visit this great archaeological park!