The Second Great Pyramid of Giza
Close to the Great pyramid there is another pyramid, that known to everyone as the Pyramid of Khafre. Together with the third pyramid of Menkaure and the Great Sphinx they represent the ancient complex of Giza plateau. Here and later I call this pyramid the Second Pyramid like first researchers of Egypt in the beginning of 19 century because of there is no archeological and historian evidences that this pyramid is a monument which was constructed for the fourth-dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren), who ruled from c.2558-2532 BC.
The Second pyramid is shorter only for 3 meters (10 ft) than the Great Pyramid but because of the pyramid sits on the rock formation that is higher for 10 meters (33 ft) than the Great Pyramid location site it makes the Second pyramid more taller and colossal from the distance point of view. The top of the Second pyramid is also looks better that the Great pyramid because of casing stones are still there regardless of the time and people intervention.
1.The pyramid has a base length of 215.5 meters (706ft).
2.Height of 136.4 meters (448 ft) but originally it was 143.5 meters (471 ft).
3.Length of side: 215.25 meters (706.19 ft).
4.Estimated volume is 1 659 200 cubic meters.
5. Construction materials is limestone with a weight more than 2 tons each.
6.The slope of the pyramid rises at 53° 10' angle, steeper than the Great pyramid which has an angle of 51°50'40".
7.The entrance to the pyramid was found by Giovanni Belzoni on March 2, 1818.
8.There are two entrances to the pyramid: a higher entrance is 11.54m (38 ft) above ground level, and the lower entrance begins at about ground level.
9.Inner chambers: there are 2 known chambers. One chamber is subterranean, carved into the very bedrock. The other has its floor carved into the bedrock.
10.The chamber with the bedrock floor known as a burial chamber has the rectangular form, 14.15 m by 5 m (46.4 ft x 16 ft), and is oriented on the East-West.
It’s interesting that when Belzoni visited the inner chambers of the pyramid as the founder, the inner chambers was empty, there was an open sarcophagus and its broken lid on the floor. Egyptologists writes that the chamber was robbed long time ago that’s why there is no evidences of pharaoh burial site.
The Second pyramid has remained complex which consisted from several megalithic constructions: Funerary temple, cause way, the Great Sphinx, the Temple of the Sphinx and the Valley temple of Khafre. Together they represent the central part of the Giza plateau and one of the most advanced megalithic sites in Egypt which will be considered in further articles on World-Pyramids.