5. White Pyramid
The White Pyramid is located in the vicinity of Qiang Xian, a small Chinese town located 80 km to the northwest from Xi’an. White Pyramid is officially known as Liangshan Mountain. Some decades ago a tomb of Emperor Gaozong (ruling from 649 to 683 AD) of Tan dynasty was fond there. The emperor was buried inside the Liangshan Mountain where the tomb was already arranged in advance. Twenty symbolical guards stand on the way to a burial place with unusual long swords. Behind the guards there is a reconstructed gate built from clay but faced with bricks. The gate is followed by two large statues of mythical monsters.
The first impression is that it’s a colossal pyramid with visible sides and angles but not the mountain as considered. Shroeder also wrote about a huge pyramid which looks like a mountain from the distance. In fact this construction is situated on the plane where many houses of peasants are built at the bottom of the “mountain” and on it’s terraces.
“The pyramid is about 1,000 feet high (other descriptions estimate 1,000 to 1,200 feet high) and roughly 1,500 feet at the base, which makes it twice as large as any pyramid in Egypt. The four faces of the structure are oriented with the compass points” (Shroeder in 1912)
Mountain Liangshan is a big Pyramid
Thus the mountain Liangshan with the tomb of the emperor Gaozong is a colossal pyramid with four visible sides. It is difficult to determine the height of the pyramid. If measured from the platform where twenty guards stand the height is 160 meters, however if measured from the base of the pyramid the height is about 300 meters! Each side of the pyramid is unique, here what Shroeder wrote about it in 1912:
“Each side of a pyramid was of different color: the northern side was black, the eastern – blue (teal), the southern – red and the western side had a tint of white. The flat top of the pyramid was covered with yellow soil (clay)”.
Let us try to find a rational explanation why Shroeder did characterize each side of the pyramid with a color? The answer is on the surface of the pyramid. The northern side of the pyramid is the most damaged one because of human activities. There are many modern man-made terraces and kitchen gardens of peasants therefore this side looks like a long slope of a natural hill. Since this side does not face the sun the terraces have dark-grey color, therefore Shroeder referred to the northern side as “dark”.
The eastern side is planted by coniferous trees having a tint of blue and green colors. The southern side was also damaged by local inhabitants. The distraction reviled the clay body of the pyramid of yellowish color.
At last the western side of the pyramid is of white color because it is covered by massive stone blocks grey and white colors. Presumably this was the reason the pilot Gaussman referred to this pyramid as “shining” or “white”.
Long time ago the entire pyramid was covered by massive white stone plates whereas the pyramid is constructed from the pressed clay as well as great number of other pyramids of Shaanxi province. Those massive plates slipped down to the foot of the pyramid under the influence of natural factors such as earthquakes and rains. Western side plates kept relatively safe.
Let's refer Shroeder’s notes once again:
“The pyramid itself was built of pressed clay as well as many constructions in China. Huge troughs extended along the walls of the pyramid having a size of mountain canyons. They were filled up with stones too. There were trees and bushes on the slopes defacing the shape of pyramid making it some similar to a natural object. I was fascinated by this amazing sight… Some time ago there were steps from the foot to the top of the pyramid but they are filled up with fragment of stones now. Some steps made of wild stones were seen at the bottom (each stone was three square ft.)”.
In support to Shroeder’s descriptions many massive stone plates were found on the western side of the pyramid. Those plates have smooth surface and straight edges. They cover the whole western slope, but laying is damaged in many places. The clay body of the pyramid is down under the plates, somewhere the clay appears between the plates. The stone plates were used like a covering of the pyramid for protection from outer environment. The western side terrace (step) kept safe from the ancient time. The laying of the big stone blocks is of bad condition, grass grew through the chinks. Regular blocks lay on the clay as well as massive stone plates near the terrace. This is impossible for natural mountains because a regular shaped stone can’t form on clay or soil.
A clay under stone plate and terrace on the western side
Each sides of this pyramida were covered by stone plates long time ago but we actually don't know anything about nature of the pyramid. It must not be ruled out that there was a mountain, which was transformed to pyramid by builders in prehistoric times. But if the pyramid was built from the foundation to the top it needed millions tons of clay, thousands builders and advanced technologies of engineering.
If we compare descriptions of the White Pyramid by Shroeder, Maman and James Gaussman with descriptions of gigantic pyramid with the tomb for emperor Qianling we could assume that those are descriptions of the same object – The White Pyramid.
There are seven evidences indicating that this pyramidal construction could be a mysterious White Pyramid (after comparing statements of Shroeder and others with personal research after expedition to Chinese pyramids):
1.Height of 300 meters
2.Length of each side of foundation 500 meters
3.Symbolical description of color of sides of the pyramid and explanation of this feature in rational method
4.The term White Pyramid has origin in a color of stone plates which covered pyramid
5.The pyramid constructed of the pressed clay, covered by stone plates
6.The sides (wall) of the pyramids have depressions which look like natural troughs
7.Steps or terraces of the pyramid
Pyramid of the Sun in Visoko, B&H
The features of White Pyramid have similarities with another pyramid which is located thousands miles away from China in Bosnia and Herzegovina where three years ago the biggest pyramid was found in a little town Visoko. Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun was constructed of massive plates which covered all sides of this pyramid. On the photo you can see those unusual man-made plates which look like long whole line. Comparison of the plates of Bosnian Pyramids of the Sun and plates of White Pyramid show common features and principles of construction. Moreover two pyramids are both gigantic: the Pyramid of the Sun is 220 meters and White Pyramid 300 meters approximately. Three sides of those pyramids are clearly visible whereas the fourth side was damaged or put into special shape by ancient engineers for any mysterious reasons. Two pyramids are both flat-toped but the White Pyramid is more damaged than the Pyramid of the Sun in Bosnia. Further exploration may reveal more similarities and common characteristic of the pyramids.