The Second Sphinx
The Sphinx is a colossal monument located on the Giza Plateau with three gigantic pyramids. We can’t imagine Egyptian pyramids without the Sphinx and the Sphinx without the pyramids. In ancient Greece mythology the Sphinx is a lion with a female face who keeps thoughts and intentions secret.
The word sphinx comes from the Greek Σφίγξ, apparently from the verb σφίγγω (sphíngō), meaning "to strangle".
Why does the etymology of the word “Sphinx” represent a woman whereas the Giant Sphinx in Giza has a male face? The fact is that there are strong historical evidences that there was another Sphinx – a female Sphinx. Geologist and archaeologist Dr. Aly Barakat from Cairo has been researching the medieval writings of Arabic authors for several years. He found that the famous Arabian geographers Al-I-Drisi (1099-1166 AD), Kitab al Mamalk and Kitab al Jujori in the 12th century AD mentioned that there were two sphinxes at Giza opposite each other. The Second Sphinx was female and situated on the eastern bank of the River Nile facing to the present day male Sphinx. Where did the female Sphinx go? The second Sphinx was destroyed in 1311 AD after a dreadful disaster, an earthquake which destroyed almost all of Cairo. The ashlaring of the Great pyramid was destroyed too. The people used the stones from the Second Sphinx for buildings therefore there is no evidence of the second Sphinx on the opposite side. Nowadays the place of the female Sphinx is residential part of Cairo.
The article by Aly Barakat about the second Sphinx in Life Magazine (Egypt) in October 2001.
Ten years ago Aly Barakat met Farouk Hossni (Egyptian Cultural Minister in the date of publishing of the article in 2010) and discussed with him the discovery of a second Sphinx. “I asked him to re-establish the great status of the sphinx at the site. In fact, he paid clear attention to it. But the Higher Council of Antiquity doesn’t pay any attention”? – Aly Barakat wrote.
The ground under the second Sphinx could hold the secrets from prehistoric times therefore investigation of this area may be a colossal archaeological project in modern history.